Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an endoscopic procedure that combines upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and x-rays to diagnose and treat problems in the bile and pancreatic duct systems. These systems carry bile and fluids to other parts of the body. This procedure becomes necessary to diagnose when the biliary or pancreatic systems become blocked or are narrow from issues caused by a number of different conditions such as gallstones, pancreatitis (acute or chronic), infection, complications from surgery or possibly tumors or cancers in the ducts.
Using an endoscope, the physician will examine the inside of the stomach and duodenum and inject radiographic contrast into the pancreatic ducts so they can be seen on X-rays. This exam allows for the removal of biliary tract stones, diagnosis of biliary tract cancer, treatment of biliary strictures, and the treatment of pancreatic strictures.Go back